European

Commission

Italian Ministry
of agriculture
food and forestry policies


Regione
Siciliana


ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING
OF THE FISHERY RESOURCES AND THE ECOSYSTEMS
IN THE STRAITS OF SICILY

 
  Citation:

FAO-MedSudMed project. © FAO MedSudMed project - Web site. [online]. Rome. Updated. [Cited ].

 
   Home ―›  Country Fishery Information ―›  Tunisia
 

COUNTRY FISHERY INFORMATION
TUNISIA

 

ITALY

LIBYA

MALTA

TUNISIA

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GENERAL STATISTICS  pdf format Clic here to download acrobat reader
Area (kmq) 163610
geographic coordinates 36 48N, 10 11E
coastline (km) 1298
GENERAL ECONOMIC DATA  
population (millions 2005 est.)* 10.1
annual population growth rate (1975-2005)* 1.9%
gross domestic product (GDP per capita annual growth rate) (1990-2005)* 3.3%
(on a period shorter than that specified)
education index, 2005*  0.75
human development index (HDI) value, 2005* 0.76
urban population (as % of total) 2005* 63.5
infant mortality rate (per 1.000 live births) 2005* 20
internet users (per 1.000 people) 2005** 100
personal computers (per 1.000 people) 2005 est.** n.a.
agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 2005 est.** 12
industry, value added (% of GDP) 2002 est.** 28
services, etc., value added (% of GDP)2005 est.** 60

The Tunisian Republic covers a total area of 163 610 Km2, located in North Africa. The Mediterranean Sea is in the North and East parts of the country, while Tunisia borders with Algeria to the West, and the Libya to the South. Coastline is 1 298 km length and popolation in 2005 was estimated at about 10.1 million inhabitants.
The Tunisian marine coasts lie in the FAO-GFCM Geographical Sub Areas 12, 13 and 14.
An important fishing activity in Tunisia is the Dolphin fish, curried out from August to December, using fish aggregation devices (FAD) and surrounding nets. About 260 boats are involved in this fishery along the whole Tunisian coast. The main fishing areas and ports are located on the Central-Eastern coast, which concentrates around 70-75 percent of fishing effort and landings.
Aquaculture activity is mainly marine oriented, with an annual production of about 3 700 tonnes.
About 9 percent of the activity is focused on the tuna ongrowing.
Around 400 trawlers are located in the 10 Tunisian main ports, particularly in the South of the country. Normally they are equipped with about 400 Hp engines or more. About 350 vessels are employed in the small pelagic fishery, while the small scale vessels are more than 10 600, with a percentage of about 66 percent motorized.
Tunisian domestic fisheries product in 2006 was approximately 114 063 tonnes, 111 288 of which from capture fisheries and 2 775 from aquaculture.
Fishery imports, in the period 2003-2005, totalled an annual average of about 36 153 tonnes, while fish exports stood at 18 935 tonnes.
Fishery imports in 2006 totalled about 48 041 (1 000 USD) while exports was 156 540 (1 000 USD) with a net balance of 108 499 (1 000 USD). In 2003-2005, average per capita supply was 12.3 kg/year. (FAO, 2008).

FISHERIES DATA  
total fisheries production (t) 2006*** 114063
capture production (t) 2006*** 111288
aquaculture production (t) 2006*** 2755
per caput fish supply (kg/year, 2003-2005)*** 12.3
production (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 106064
non-food uses (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 3
imports (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 36153
exports (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 18935
food supply (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 123280
imports (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 48041
exports (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 156540
net balance 2006*** 108499
fishery exports as a percentage of agricultural exports (%) 2003*** n.a.
fishery exports as a percentage of total merchandise exports (%) 2006*** n.a.
· *UNDP. Human Development Report
· **The World Bank
· ***FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics - 2003



Source: FAO – FISHSTAT

 
 
ALTRE RISORSE
·

FAO Country Profiles and Mapping Information Systems of:

       
- Italia - Libia · FAO Fisheries Country Profile · FAO FISHSTAT Plus
- Malta - Tunisia · DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs · FAO Yearbooks of Fishery Statistics

   REFERENCES

· FAO-. 2008. Fisheries and Aquaculture Information and Statistics Service. Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics 2006. 57p.
· FAO. © 2006-2009. National Aquaculture Sector Overview. Aperçu général du secteur national d'aquaculture - France. National Aquaculture Sector Overview Fact Sheets. Texte par Lacroix, D.
In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [en ligne]. Rome. Mis à jour 25 July 2005. [Cited 11 June 2009].
 

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