Libya covers 1 775 500 Km2, which is desert
territory for the 90 percent. The Mediterranean Sea is in the North
part of the country, while the Republic borders with Egypt to the
East, Sudan to the Southeast, Chad and Niger to the South, and
Algeria and Tunisia to the West. Coastline is 1 970 km and
population in 2005 was estimated to be about 5.9 million
The Libyan marine coast lies in the FAO-GFCM
Geographical Sub Area 21.
Four different types of fishing activities are normally carried out
in Libya: artisanal coastal fishing, lampara
fishing, coastal trawling and tuna fishing. Sponge fishing is not so
significant anymore as it was in the past. Most of the catches come
from the nets of the artisanal vessels targeting demersal fishes and lampara targeting the small pelagic fishes, while tunas industrial
fishery provides less than four percent of the total landed. Inland
fishery is negligible.
Aquaculture is a recent activity in the Libya
and nevertheless the Government effort in promoting projects and
pushing private enterprises start up, the production is still below
the expected performances.
The fleet is mainly composed by artisanal vessel (92.5 percent), the
rest of the fleet is made of 135 lampara vessel and 15 tuna vessel
including, purse seines and long liners. About 66 percent of the
small crafts are equipped with an outboard engine between 10-35 Hp
range. The 1 866 artisanal vessels land their catches in 135 landing
places, 76 of which are permanent while the rest work on a seasonal
Libya domestic fisheries product in 2006 was
approximately 40 827 tonnes, 40 347 of which from capture fisheries
and 480 from aquaculture.
Fishery imports, in the period 2003-2005, totalled an annual average
of about 11 748 tonnes, while fish exports stood at 3 275 tonnes.
Fishery imports in 2006 totalled about 33 288 (1 000 USD) while
exports was 7 647 (1 000 USD) with a net balance of -25 641 (1 000
USD). In 2003-2005, average per capita supply was 9.5 kg/year. (FAO,