VALUTAZIONE E MONITORAGGIO DELLE RISORSE ITTICHE E DEGLI ECOSISTEMI NELLO STRETTO DI SICILIA

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INFORMAZIONI SULLA PESCA
TUNISIA

ITALIA

LIBIA

MALTA

TUNISIA

RIEPILOGO

 
INFORMAZIONI STATISTICHE  pdf format Clic here to download acrobat reader
Area (kmq) 163610
coordinate geografiche 36 48N, 10 11E
linea di costa (km) 1298
DATI ECONOMICI GENERALI  
popolazione (stimata in milioni nel 2005)* 10.1
tasso annuo di crescita della pololazione (1975-2005)* 1.9%
prodotto interno lordo (PIL - tasso di crescita reale) (1990-2005)* 3.3%
(su un periodo più corto di quello indicato)
indice di istruzione, 2005*  0.75
indice di sviluppo umano (HDI), 2005* 0.76
popolazione urbana (come % del totale) 2005* 63.5
tasso di mortalità infantile (per 1.000 nascite) 2005* 20
diffusione internet (per 1.000 persone) 2005** 100
personal computers (per 1.000 persone) 2005 stima.** n.a.
agricoltura, valore aggiunto (% del PIL) 2005 stima.** 12
industria, valore aggiunto (% del PIL) 2002 stima.** 28
servizi, etc., valore aggiunto (% del PIL)2005 stima.** 60

The Tunisian Republic covers a total area of 163 610 Km2, located in North Africa. The Mediterranean Sea is in the North and East parts of the country, while Tunisia borders with Algeria to the West, and the Libya to the South. Coastline is 1 298 km length and popolation in 2005 was estimated at about 10.1 million inhabitants.
The Tunisian marine coasts lie in the FAO-GFCM Geographical Sub Areas 12, 13 and 14.
An important fishing activity in Tunisia is the Dolphin fish, curried out from August to December, using fish aggregation devices (FAD) and surrounding nets. About 260 boats are involved in this fishery along the whole Tunisian coast. The main fishing areas and ports are located on the Central-Eastern coast, which concentrates around 70-75 percent of fishing effort and landings.
Aquaculture activity is mainly marine oriented, with an annual production of about 3 700 tonnes.
About 9 percent of the activity is focused on the tuna ongrowing.
Around 400 trawlers are located in the 10 Tunisian main ports, particularly in the South of the country. Normally they are equipped with about 400 Hp engines or more. About 350 vessels are employed in the small pelagic fishery, while the small scale vessels are more than 10 600, with a percentage of about 66 percent motorized.
Tunisian domestic fisheries product in 2006 was approximately 114 063 tonnes, 111 288 of which from capture fisheries and 2 775 from aquaculture.
Fishery imports, in the period 2003-2005, totalled an annual average of about 36 153 tonnes, while fish exports stood at 18 935 tonnes.
Fishery imports in 2006 totalled about 48 041 (1 000 USD) while exports was 156 540 (1 000 USD) with a net balance of 108 499 (1 000 USD). In 2003-2005, average per capita supply was 12.3 kg/year. (FAO, 2008).

DATI SULLA PESCA  
produzione totale della pesca (t) 2006*** 114063
produzione di cattura (t) 2006*** 111288
produzione di acquacultura (t) 2006*** 2755
disponibilità di pesce pro capite (kg/anno, 2003-2005)*** 12.3
produzione (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 106064
uso non-alimentare (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 3
importazioni (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 36153
esportazioni (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 18935
fornitura alimentare (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 123280
importazoni (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 48041
esportazoni (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 156540
bilancio netto 2006*** 108499
esportazione prodotti ittici come percentuale degli exports dell'agricoltura (%) 2003*** n.a.
esportazione prodotti ittici come percentuale del totale della merce esportata (%) 2006*** n.a.
· *UNDP. Human Development Report
· **The World Bank
· ***FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics - 2003



Source: FAO – FISHSTAT

 
 
ALTRE RISORSE
·

FAO- Profili dei paesi e mappatura dei sistemi informativi di:

       
- Italia - Libia · FAO Fisheries Country Profile · FAO FISHSTAT Plus
- Malta - Tunisia · DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs · FAO Yearbooks of Fishery Statistics

   REFERENZE

· FAO-. 2008. Fisheries and Aquaculture Information and Statistics Service. Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics 2006. 57p.
· FAO. © 2006-2009. National Aquaculture Sector Overview. Aperçu général du secteur national d'aquaculture - France. National Aquaculture Sector Overview Fact Sheets. Texte par Lacroix, D.
In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [en ligne]. Rome. Mis à jour 25 July 2005. [Cited 11 June 2009].

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