VALUTAZIONE E MONITORAGGIO DELLE RISORSE ITTICHE E DEGLI ECOSISTEMI NELLO STRETTO DI SICILIA

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INFORMAZIONI SULLA PESCA
LIBIA

ITALIA

LIBIA

MALTA

TUNISIA

RIEPILOGO

 
INFORMAZIONI STATISTICHE pdf format Clic here to download acrobat reader
Area (kmq) 1775500
coordinate geografiche 33 54N, 13 11E
linea di costa (km) 1970
DATI ECONOMICI GENERALI  
popolazione (stimata in milioni nel 2005)* 5.9
tasso annuo di crescita della pololazione (1975-2005)* 2.9%
prodotto interno lordo (PIL - tasso di crescita reale) (1990-2005)* 2.5%
(su un periodo più corto di quello indicato)
indice di istruzione, 2005*  0.875
indice di sviluppo umano (HDI), 2005* 0.818
popolazione urbana (come % del totale) 2005* 84.8
tasso di mortalità infantile (per 1.000 nascite) 2005* 18
diffusione internet (per 1.000 persone) 2005** 40
personal computers (per 1.000 persone) 2005 stima.** n.a.
agricoltura, valore aggiunto (% del PIL) 2005 stima.** n.a.
industria, valore aggiunto (% del PIL) 2002 stima.** n.a.
servizi, etc., valore aggiunto (% del PIL)2005 stima.** n.a.

The Libya covers 1 775 500 Km2, which is desert territory for the 90 percent. The Mediterranean Sea is in the North part of the country, while the Republic borders with Egypt to the East, Sudan to the Southeast, Chad and Niger to the South, and Algeria and Tunisia to the West. Coastline is 1 970 km and population in 2005 was estimated to be about 5.9 million inhabitants.
The Libyan marine coast lies in the FAO-GFCM Geographical Sub Area 21.
Four different types of fishing activities are normally carried out in Libya: artisanal coastal fishing, lampara fishing, coastal trawling and tuna fishing. Sponge fishing is not so significant anymore as it was in the past. Most of the catches come from the nets of the artisanal vessels targeting demersal fishes and lampara targeting the small pelagic fishes, while tunas industrial fishery provides less than four percent of the total landed. Inland fishery is negligible.

Aquaculture is a recent activity in the Libya and nevertheless the Government effort in promoting projects and pushing private enterprises start up, the production is still below the expected performances.
The fleet is mainly composed by artisanal vessel (92.5 percent), the rest of the fleet is made of 135 lampara vessel and 15 tuna vessel including, purse seines and long liners. About 66 percent of the small crafts are equipped with an outboard engine between 10-35 Hp range. The 1 866 artisanal vessels land their catches in 135 landing places, 76 of which are permanent while the rest work on a seasonal basis.

Libya domestic fisheries product in 2006 was approximately 40 827 tonnes, 40 347 of which from capture fisheries and 480 from aquaculture.
Fishery imports, in the period 2003-2005, totalled an annual average of about 11 748 tonnes, while fish exports stood at 3 275 tonnes.
Fishery imports in 2006 totalled about 33 288 (1 000 USD) while exports was 7 647 (1 000 USD) with a net balance of -25 641 (1 000 USD). In 2003-2005, average per capita supply was 9.5 kg/year. (FAO, 2008).

DATI SULLA PESCA  
produzione totale della pesca (t) 2006*** 40827
produzione di cattura (t) 2006*** 40347
produzione di acquacultura (t) 2006*** 480
disponibilità di pesce pro capite (kg/anno, 2003-2005)*** 9.5
produzione (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 46467
uso non-alimentare (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 0
importazioni (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 11748
esportazioni (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 3275
fornitura alimentare (t. di peso vivo) 2003-2005*** 54946
importazoni (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 33288
esportazoni (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 7647
bilancio netto 2006*** -25641
esportazione prodotti ittici come percentuale degli exports dell'agricoltura (%) 2003*** n.a.
esportazione prodotti ittici come percentuale del totale della merce esportata (%) 2006*** n.a.
· *UNDP. Human Development Report
· **The World Bank
· ***FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics - 2003



Source: FAO – FISHSTAT

 
 
ALTRE RISORSE
·

FAO- Profili dei paesi e mappatura dei sistemi informativi di:

       
- Italia - Libia · FAO Fisheries Country Profile · FAO FISHSTAT Plus
- Malta - Tunisia · DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs · FAO Yearbooks of Fishery Statistics

   REFERENZE

· FAO-. 2008. Fisheries and Aquaculture Information and Statistics Service. Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics 2006. 57p.
· FAO. © 2006-2009. National Aquaculture Sector Overview. Aperçu général du secteur national d'aquaculture - France. National Aquaculture Sector Overview Fact Sheets. Texte par Lacroix, D.
In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [en ligne]. Rome. Mis à jour 25 July 2005. [Cited 11 June 2009].

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